Milan Stute

Dr.-Ing. Milan Stute

Pankratiusstraße 2
64289 Darmstadt

Office: S2|20 202

+49 6151 16-25474


Milan Stute is a postdoctoral researcher at the Secure Mobile Networking Lab and acts as managing director for the LOEWE center emergenCITY. His research focuses on denial-of-service attacks and prevention mechanisms for distributed wireless networks as well as analyzing Apple's wireless ecosystem. He received the B.Sc. (2012), M.Sc. (2014), and Ph.D. (2020) degrees from Technical University of Darmstadt. He is recipient of several awards including outstanding Bachelor and Master thesis awards as well as ACM MobiCom Best Community Paper and Demo Awards.

Research Interests

  • Denial-of-Service (DoS) attacks and mitigation
  • Wireless Multihop Networks (Mobile Ad hoc Networks, Disruption-/Delay-Tolerant Networking)
  • Emergency communication


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Jump to: 2020 | 2019 | 2018 | 2017 | 2016 | 2014
Number of items: 18.


Heinrich, Alexander ; Stute, Milan ; Hollick, Matthias (2020):
DEMO: BTLEmap: Nmap for Bluetooth Low Energy.
In: WiSec 2020: 13th ACM Conference on Security and Privacy in Wireless and Mobile Networks, virtual Conference, July 08.-10., S. 331-333, [Online-Edition:],
[Conference item]

Stute, Milan ; Maass, Max ; Schons, Tom ; Kaufhold, Marc-André ; Reuter, Christian ; Hollick, Matthias (2020):
Empirical Insights for Designing Information and Communication Technology for International Disaster Response.
In: International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction (IJDRR), 47. Elsevier ScienceDirect, S. 101598, DOI: 10.1016/j.ijdrr.2020.101598,

Stute, Milan (2020):
Availability by Design: Practical Denial-of-Service-Resilient Distributed Wireless Networks.
Darmstadt, Technische Universität, DOI: 10.25534/tuprints-00011457,
[PhD thesis]

Stute, Milan ; Agarwal, Pranay ; Kumar, Abhinav ; Asadi, Arash ; Hollick, Matthias (2020):
LIDOR: A Lightweight DoS-Resilient Communication Protocol for Safety-Critical IoT Systems.
In: IEEE Internet of Things Journal (IoT-J), (Early Access), DOI: 10.1109/JIOT.2020.2985044,


Stute, Milan ; Kreitschmann, David ; Hollick, Matthias (2019):
Reverse Engineering and Evaluating the Apple Wireless Direct Link Protocol.
In: GetMobile: Mobile Computing and Communications, 23 (1), ACM, S. 30-33, ISSN 23750529,
DOI: 10.1145/3351422.3351432,

Stute, Milan ; Narain, Sashank ; Mariotto, Alex ; Heinrich, Alexander ; Kreitschmann, David ; Noubir, Guevara ; Hollick, Matthias (2019):
A Billion Open Interfaces for Eve and Mallory: MitM, DoS, and Tracking Attacks on iOS and macOS Through Apple Wireless Direct Link.
Santa Clara, CA, USA, In: 28th USENIX Security Symposium (USENIX Security '19), Santa Clara, CA, USA, August 14–16, 2019, [Online-Edition:],
[Conference item]


Steinmetzer, Daniel ; Stute, Milan ; Hollick, Matthias (2018):
TPy: A Lightweight Framework for Agile Distributed Network Experiments.
ACM, In: 12th International Workshop on Wireless Network Testbeds, Experimental Evaluation & Characterization (WiNTECH '18), Neu Delhi, India, November 2, 2018, DOI: 10.1145/3267204.3267214,
[Conference item]

Stute, Milan ; Kreitschmann, David ; Hollick, Matthias (2018):
Demo: Linux Goes Apple Picking: Cross-Platform Ad hoc Communication with Apple Wireless Direct Link.
ACM, In: The 24th Annual International Conference on Mobile Computing and Networking (MobiCom '18), New Delhi, India, October 29–November 2, 2018, DOI: 10.1145/3241539.3267716,
[Conference item]

Stute, Milan ; Kreitschmann, David ; Hollick, Matthias (2018):
One Billion Apples' Secret Sauce: Recipe for the Apple Wireless Direct Link Ad hoc Protocol.
ACM, In: The 24th Annual International Conference on Mobile Computing and Networking (MobiCom '18), New Delhi, India, October 29–November 2, 2018, DOI: 10.1145/3241539.3241566,
[Conference item]


Meurisch, Christian ; Gedeon, Julien ; Gogel, Artur ; Nguyen, The An Binh ; Kaup, Fabian ; Kohnhäuser, Florian ; Baumgärtner, Lars ; Schmittner, Milan ; Mühlhäuser, Max (2017):
Temporal Coverage Analysis of Router-based Cloudlets Using Human Mobility Patterns.
In: IEEE GLOBECOM, IEEE, [Conference item]

Stute, Milan ; Maass, Max ; Schons, Tom ; Hollick, Matthias (2017):
Reverse Engineering Human Mobility in Large-scale Natural Disasters.
In: Proceedings of MSWiM '17, 2. updated version,
In: The 20th ACM International Conference on Modeling, Analysis and Simulation of Wireless and Mobile Systems, Miami, FL, November 21-25, 2017, [Online-Edition:],
[Conference item]

Lakeman, Jeremy ; Lloyd, Matthew ; Challans, Romana ; Wallace, Angus ; Gardner-Stephen, Paul ; Stute, Milan ; Hollick, Matthias (2017):
A Practical and Secure Social Media Facility for Internet-Deprived Populations.
In: IEEE Global Humanitarian Technology Conference (GHTC), IEEE, San Jose, CA, USA, [Conference item]

Baumgärtner, Lars ; Kohlbrecher, Stefan ; Euler, Juliane ; Ritter, Tobias ; Stute, Milan ; Meurisch, Christian ; Mühlhäuser, Max ; Hollick, Matthias ; Stryk, Oskar von ; Freisleben, Bernd (2017):
Emergency Communication in Challenged Environments via Unmanned Ground and Aerial Vehicles.
In: IEEE Global Humanitarian Technology Conference (GHTC), San Jose, CA, USA, IEEE, In: 2017 IEEE Global Humanitarian Technology Conference (GHTC), S. 1-9, DOI: 10.1109/GHTC.2017.8239244,
[Conference item]

Kohnhäuser, Florian ; Stute, Milan ; Baumgärtner, Lars ; Almon, Lars ; Katzenbeisser, Stefan ; Hollick, Matthias ; Freisleben, Bernd (2017):
SEDCOS: A Secure Device-to-Device Communication System for Disaster Scenarios.
In: IEEE Conference on Local Computer Networks (LCN), IEEE, Singapore, [Conference item]

Meurisch, Christian ; Nguyen, The An Binh ; Gedeon, Julien ; Kohnhäuser, Florian ; Schmittner, Milan ; Niemczyk, Stefan ; Wullkotte, Stefan ; Mühlhäuser, Max (2017):
Upgrading Wireless Home Routers as Emergency Cloudlet and Secure DTN Communication Bridge.
In: International Conference on Computer Communications and Networks (ICCCN'17): Posters, IEEE, [Conference item]

Schmittner, Milan ; Asadi, Arash ; Hollick, Matthias (2017):
SEMUD: Secure Multi-hop Device-to-Device Communication for 5G Public Safety Networks.
In: IFIP Networking Conference, IFIP, Stockholm, Sweden, [Conference item]


Schmittner, Milan ; Hollick, Matthias (2016):
Xcastor: Secure and Scalable Group Communication in Ad Hoc Networks.
In: IEEE Symposium on a World of Wireless, Mobile and Multimedia Networks (WoWMoM), Coimbra, Portugal, [Conference item]


Schmittner, Milan (2014):
Scalable and Secure Multicast in Mobile Ad-hoc Networks.
Darmstadt, Technische Universität, [Online-Edition:],
[Master thesis]

This list was generated on Wed Aug 12 07:43:16 2020 CEST.

Open Theses

Currently no items available.

Ongoing Theses

Currently no items available.

Supervised Theses

  • 2020/03/30

    Wi-Fi Sharing for All: Reverse Engineering and Breaking the Apple Wi-Fi Password Sharing Protocol

  • 2019/12/16

    Leveraging Wireshark’s Protocol Parsers for Smarter Fuzzing Master Thesis

  • 2019/11/27

    Analyzing Apple’s Private Wireless Communication Protocols with a Focus on Security and Privacy

  • 2019/03/21

    Practical Performance Analysis of Neighbor Awareness Networking

  • 2018/09/14

    Desynchronization Attacks and Mitigations for the Apple Wireless Direct Link Protocol

    Master Thesis

  • 2018/09/03

    Draining Mallory and Sybil: DoS-resistant Disruption-Tolerant Networks

    Master Thesis

    Disruption-Tolerant Networks (DTNs) can be used as a communication means in the emergency context when communication infrastructure is unavailable. In DTNs, mobile user devices such as smartphones act as “data mules”: they store, carry and forward messages. Unfortunately, the “storing” part is especially

  • 2018/01/29

    Experimental Evaluation of Mobile Attacks on Ad hoc Routing Protocols

    Master Thesis

  • 2018/01/19

    Practical Defense Against Pollution Attacks in Network Coding-based Systems

    Master Thesis

    Network Coding has many positives properties that make it especially suitable for Wireless Multihop Networks [1]. Network Coding can be used to increase the effective capacity of the network, by coding (simplest form: bit-wise XOR) together packets of different flows and forwarding them in a single broadcast

  • 2017/11/30

    Understanding the Apple Auto Unlock Protocol

    Bachelor Thesis

    The Apple Watch provides the ability to automatically unlock a device running macOS when in proximity. The underlying proprietary protocol is called Auto Unlock (AU) and differs from other smart locking

  • 2017/08/15

    Reverse Engineering the Apple Wireless Direct Link Protocol

    Master Thesis

    Abstract of final thesis:

    Apple Wireless Direct Link (AWDL) is a proprietary and undocumented 802.11 based peer-to-peer protocol. It is implemented in all of Apple's operating systems. In this thesis a reverse engineering method using

  • 2017/05/31

    Neighbor Discovery and Maintenance under Mobility in mmWave-based Mesh Networks

    Master Thesis

  • 2017/01/09

    Design, Implementation and Evaluation of Realistic Scenarios and Movement Models for Natural Disasters Using Simulations for Delay Tolerant Networks

    Master Thesis

    Seeing the continuous increase in natural disasters around the world, many people are contemplating how to contribute helping those in need. Among them are several computer scientists who fulfil their share by developing technology which enables fast and reliable communication in disaster areas. We were inspired by their work and thus wanted to further improve the state-of-the-art. DTN is a specific technology which can be used for the creation of alternative networks in disaster areas, where conventional ones are unavailable due to the inevitable destructions implied by the disaster. Given that such technology is usually evaluated within network simulators we exclusively focus on improving the state-of-the-art of movement models and scenarios utilized within such simulators. The very random driven, and thus not realistic, state-of-the-art is improved by our contribution in the form of a fully designed, implemented, and evaluated realistic natural disaster movement model with underlying scenarios. The results of our evaluation indicate that previously published results might be too optimistic. Thus, further approximations to reality are inevitable for more accurate simulation of DTN, in the goal to ultimately obtain better and more realistic results.

  • 2016/03/31

    In-depth Analysis of Apple's Multipeer Connectivity Framework

    Bachelor Thesis

  • 2016/02/26

    Efficient Neighbour Discovery with Adjustable Antenna Beams in Highly Directional 60 GHz Mesh Networks

    Master Thesis


  • Network Security (NetSec), Integrated Course, SS 2015, SS 2016, SS 2017, SS 2018, SS 2019
  • Selected Lecture in Secure Mobile Systems (SeMoSy), Integrated Course, SS 2016, SS 2017, SS 2018, SS 2019, SS 2020
  • Selected Lecture in Allgemeine Informatik I, Lecture, SS 2016
  • Selected Topics in (Advanced) Seminar on Networking, Security, Mobility, and Wireless Communications, WS 2015/16, SS 2016, SS 2018
  • Selected Topics in Secure Mobile Networking Lab/Project, SS 2015, WS 2015/16, SS 2016, WS 2017/18