Centre for the Digital Foundation of Research in the Humanities, Social, and Educational Sciences


CEDIFOR (Centre for the Digital Foundation of Research in the Humanities, Social, and Educational Sciences) is a Digital Humanities Centre, established in 2014. We intend to contribute to bridging the gap between research in the Humanities and computer based methods, and help researchers to master the characteristic problems in this process. We provide methodological expertise for advising researchers from the Humanities, Social, and Educational Sciences on adopting computer based methods in their research. This concerns the planning and operational stage of projects as well as the long-term provision of result data.

CEDIFOR is built on the experiences, the expertise, and the infrastructure of the LOEWE Research Cluster “Digital Humanities—Integrated Preparation and Analysis of Text Based Corpora” (2011-2014). More information on the project can be found on its webpage.


The centre sees itself as an innovative, research based platform for researchers from all fields of the Humanities. It offers a series of novel services for multi-modal data and supports the processing of research topics beyond established paradigms. CEDIFOR aims to provide innovative research along three dimensions, as displayed and explained in the chart below.


Research in CEDIFOR is mostly channelled in pilot projects and associated projects. An up-to-date list of those projects can be found on the CEDIFOR webpage.


  • Prof. Dr. Iryna Gurevych, Principal Investigator
  • Dr. Johannes Daxenberger
  • Dr. Richard Eckart de Castilho
  • Dr. Hatem Mousselly-Sergieh
  • Pedro Santos


CEDIFOR is a joint undertaking of TU Darmstadt together with Goethe University Frankfurt (Prof. Dr. Jost Gippert, Prof. Dr. Alexander Mehler) and Deutsches Institut für Internationale Pädagogische Forschung DIPF (Prof. Dr. Marc Rittberger) in Frankfurt.


Various research topics from CEDIFOR have been addressed in the following course:

  • Summer Term 2015: Text Analytics: Digital Humanities (Regular Seminar)

Student theses

  • Konstantin Wolf (supervised by Dr. Hatem Mousselly-Sergieh, Prof. Dr. Iryna Gurevych): Entity Linking Annotation System for Historical Articles, 2017
  • Lasse Stelzer (supervised by Johannes Daxenberger, Prof. Dr. Iryna Gurevych) Enriching Translations of Cuneiform Documents by Linkification, 2016
  • Darjush Siahdohoni (supervised by Johannes Daxenberger and Prof. Dr. Iryna Gurevych) A User Interface for Semantic Search on Translations of Cuneiform Documents, Technische Universität Darmstadt, 2016.
  • Manuel Spari (supervised by Johannes Daxenberger and Prof. Dr. Iryna Gurevych) Automatic Text Classification for Recognizing Scientific Reasoning and Argumentation in German, Technische Universität Darmstadt, 2015.
  • Patrick Lerner (supervised by Johannes Daxenberger, Lucie Flekova, Prof. Dr. Iryna Gurevych) Designing a User Interface for Data Analysis and Feature Engineering in Text Classification, Technische Universität Darmstadt, 2015.

Further information



CEDIFOR is funded by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research.


Klie, Jan-Christoph ; Eckart de Castilho, Richard ; Gurevych, Iryna (2020):
From Zero to Hero: Human-In-The-Loop Entity Linking in Low Resource Domains.
In: The 58th annual meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics (ACL 2020), virtual Conference, 05.-10.07.2020, S. 6982-6993, [Online-Edition: https://www.aclweb.org/anthology/2020.acl-main.624/],

Şahin, Gözde Gül (2020):
Book Review: Linguistic Fundemantals for Natural Language Processing II: 100 Essentials from Semantics and Pragmatics.
In: Computational Linguistics, The MIT Press Journals, DOI: 10.1162/COLI_r_00381,
[Online-Edition: https://www.mitpressjournals.org/doi/abs/10.1162/COLI_r_0038...],

Şahin, Gözde Gül ; Vania, Clara ; Kuznetsov, Ilia ; Gurevych, Iryna (2020):
Multilingual Probing Tasks for Word Representations.
In: Computational Linguistics, The MIT Press Journals, ISSN 0891-2017,
DOI: 10.1162/COLI_a_00376,
[Online-Edition: https://www.mitpressjournals.org/doi/abs/10.1162/COLI_a_0037...],

Simpson, Edwin ; Gurevych, Iryna (2020):
Scalable Bayesian Preference Learning for Crowds.
In: Machine Learning, 109. Springer, S. 689-718, [Online-Edition: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10994-019-05867-2],

Eichler, Max ; Şahin, Gözde Gül ; Gurevych, Iryna (2019):
LINSPECTOR WEB: A Multilingual Probing Suite for Word Representations.
In: EMNLP-IJCNLP 2019-Conference on Empirical Methods in Natural Language and 9th International Joint Conference on Natural Language, Hong Kong, China, 03.-07.11.2019, S. 127-132, [Online-Edition: https://www.aclweb.org/anthology/D19-3022.pdf],

Maurer, Marcus ; Daxenberger, Johannes ; Orlikowski, Matthias ; Gurevych, Iryna Müller, Philipp ; Geiß, Stefan ; Schemer, Christian ; Naab, Theresa K. ; Peter, Christina (Hrsg.) (2019):
Argument Mining: A new method for automated text analysis and its application in communication science.
In: Dynamische Prozesse in der Kommunikationswissenschaft: Methodische Herausforderungen, Hamburg, Germany, Werner Wirth GmbH, S. 18-37, [Book section]

Daxenberger, Johannes ; Ziegele, Marc ; Gurevych, Iryna ; Quiring, Oliver (2018):
Automatically Detecting Incivility in Online Discussions of News Media.
In: Proceedings of the 14th eScience IEEE International Conference, In: The 14th eScience IEEE International Conference, Amsterdam, Netherlands, 29.10.2018--01.11.2018, S. 318-319, [Online-Edition: https://public.ukp.informatik.tu-darmstadt.de/UKP_Webpage/pu...],

Do Dinh, Erik-Lân ; Gurevych, Iryna ; Gehring, Petra (2018):
Filter and Annotate: Towards Automatic Identification of Genuine Metaphoricity.
In: Proceedings of the 14th eScience IEEE International Conference, In: The 14th eScience IEEE International Conference, Amsterdam, Netherlands, 29.10.2018--01.11.2018, S. 308-309, DOI: 10.1109/eScience.2018.00067,
[Online-Edition: https://fileserver.ukp.informatik.tu-darmstadt.de/UKP_Webpag...],

Santos, Pedro Bispo ; Wahle, Caroline Verena ; Gurevych, Iryna (2018):
Using Facial Expressions of Students for Detecting Levels of Intrinsic Motivation.
In: Proceedings of the 14th eScience IEEE International Conference, In: The 14th eScience IEEE International Conference, Amsterdam, Netherlands, 29.10.2018--01.11.2018, [Online-Edition: https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/abstract/document/8588694],

Do Dinh, Erik-Lân ; Wieland, Hannah ; Gurevych, Iryna (2018):
Weeding out Conventionalized Metaphors: A Corpus of Novel Metaphor Annotations.
Long PapersIn: Proceedings of the 2018 Conference on Empirical Methods in Natural Language Processing, In: The 2018 Conference on Empirical Methods in Natural Language Processing, Brussels, Belgium, 31.10.2018--04.11.2018, S. 1412 -1424, [Online-Edition: https://www.aclweb.org/anthology/D18-1171],

Do Dinh, Erik-Lân ; Eger, Steffen ; Gurevych, Iryna (2018):
One Size Fits All? A Simple LSTM for Non-literal Token- and Construction-level Classification.
In: Proceedings of LaTeCH-CLfL 2018, In: LaTeCH-CLfL 2018, Santa Fe, NM, USA, 25.08.2018, S. 70-80, [Online-Edition: http://aclweb.org/anthology/W18-4508],

Eckart de Castilho, Richard ; Dore, Giulia ; Labropoulou, Penny ; Margoni, Thomas ; Gurevych, Iryna (2018):
A Legal Perspective on Training Models for Natural Language Processing.
In: Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC 2018), European Language Resources Association (ELRA), Miyazaki, Japan, S. 1267-1274, [Online-Edition: http://www.lrec-conf.org/proceedings/lrec2018/summaries/1006...],

Ziegele, Marc ; Daxenberger, Johannes ; Quiring, Oliver ; Gurevych, Iryna (2018):
Developing Automated Measures to Predict Incivility in Public Online Discussions on the Facebook Sites of Established News Media.
In: Proceedings of the 68th Annual Conference of the International Communication Association (ICA), Prague, Czech Republik, [Online-Edition: https://fileserver.ukp.informatik.tu-darmstadt.de/UKP_Webpag...],

Do Dinh, Erik-Lân ; Eger, Steffen ; Gurevych, Iryna (2018):
Killing Four Birds with Two Stones: Multi-Task Learning for Non-Literal Language Detection.
In: Proceedings of the 27th International Conference on Computational Linguistics (COLING 2018), In: The 27th International Conference on Computational Linguistics (COLING 2018), Santa Fe, NM, USA, 20.08.2018--26.08.2018, S. 1558-1569, [Online-Edition: http://aclweb.org/anthology/C18-1132],

Daxenberger, Johannes ; Csanadi, Andras ; Ghanem, Christian ; Kollar, Ingo ; Gurevych, Iryna Fischer, Frank ; Chinn, Clark ; Engelmann, Katharina ; Osborne, Jonathan (Hrsg.) (2018):
Domain-Specific Aspects of Scientific Reasoning and Argumentation: Insights from Automatic Coding.
In: Scientific Reasoning and Argumentation: The Roles of Domain-Specific and Domain-General Knowledge, Taylor & Francis, S. 34-55, [Online-Edition: https://www.taylorfrancis.com/books/e/9781351400435],
[Book section]

Kouylekov, Milen ; Lapponi, Emanuele ; Oepen, Stephan ; Eckart de Castilho, Richard (2017):
An Arranged Marriage: Integrating DKPro Core in the Language Analysis Portal.
In: Proceedings of the CLARIN Annual Conference 2017, CLARIN ERIC, Budapest, Hungary, S. online, [Online-Edition: https://www.clarin.eu/sites/default/files/Kouylekov-CLARIN20...],

Maurer, Marcus ; Daxenberger, Johannes ; Gurevych, Iryna (2017):
Argumentation Mining: Eine neue Methode zur automatisierten Textanalyse und ihre Anwendung in der Kommunikationswissenschaft.
In: Jahrestagung der Fachgruppe Methoden der Publizistik- und Kommunikationswissenschaft der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Publizistik- und Kommunikationswissenschaft, Mainz, Germany, [Online-Edition: https://download.hrz.tu-darmstadt.de/media/FB20/Dekanat/Publ...],

Mousselly-Sergieh, Hatem ; Gurevych, Iryna ; Roth, Stefan (2017):
Neural, Multimodal, Energy-based Approach for Knowledge Graph Completion.
In: Language-Learning-Logic Workshop (3L 2017), London, UK, [Konferenzveröffentlichung]

Mousselly-Sergieh, Hatem ; Piotrowski, Michael ; Gurevych, Iryna (2017):
EGOlink: Supporting Editors of Online Historical Sources through Automatic Link Discovery.
In: Proceedings of the Digital Humanities 2017, ADHO, Montréal, Canada, S. 758-761, [Online-Edition: https://dh2017.adho.org/abstracts/163/163.pdf],

Núñez, Alexandra ; Gerloff, Malte ; Do Dinh, Erik-Lân ; Rapp, Andrea ; Gehring, Petra ; Gurevych, Iryna (2017):
A "Wind of Change" - Shaping Public Opinion of the "Arab Spring" Using Metaphors.
In: Proceedings of the Digital Humanities 2017, ADHO, Montréal, Canada, S. 551-554, [Online-Edition: https://dh2017.adho.org/abstracts/041/041.pdf],

Sukhareva, Maria ; Fuscagni, Francesco ; Daxenberger, Johannes ; Görke, Susanne ; Prechel, Doris ; Gurevych, Iryna (2017):
Distantly Supervised POS Tagging of Low-Resource Languages under Extreme Data Sparsity: The Case of Hittite.
In: LaTeCH-CLfL '17 Proceedings of the 11th Workshop on Language Technology for Cultural Heritage, Social Sciences, and Humanities, Vancouver, BC, Canada, S. 95-104, [Online-Edition: http://www.aclweb.org/anthology/W17-2213],

Arnold, Thomas ; Daxenberger, Johannes ; Weihe, Karsten ; Gurevych, Iryna (2017):
Is Interaction More Important Than Individual Performance? A Study of Motifs in Wikia.
In: WWW '17 Companion, In: Proceedings of the 26th International Conference Companion on World Wide Web, International World Wide Web Conferences Steering Committee, Perth, Australia, S. 1609-1617, [Online-Edition: http://dl.acm.org/citation.cfm?id=3041021.3053362],

Eckart de Castilho, Richard ; Ide, Nancy ; Lapponi, Emanuele ; Oepen, Stephan ; Suderman, Keith ; Velldal, Erik ; Verhagen, Marc (2017):
Representation and Interchange of Linguistic Annotation. An In-Depth, Side-by-Side Comparison of Three Designs.
In: Proceedings of the 11th Linguistics Annotation Workshop (LAW XI) at EACL 2017, Association for Computational Linguistics, S. 67-75, [Online-Edition: http://www.aclweb.org/anthology/W17-0808],

Arazy, Ofer ; Lifshitz-Assaf, Hila ; Nov, Oded ; Daxenberger, Johannes ; Balestra, Martina ; Cheshire, Coye (2017):
On the "How" and "Why" of Emergent Role Behaviors in Wikipedia.
In: Proceedings of the 2017 ACM Conference on Computer Supported Cooperative Work and Social Computing, Portland, OR, USA, S. 2039-2051, [Online-Edition: https://dl.acm.org/citation.cfm?id=2998317],

Daxenberger, Johannes ; Görke, Susanne ; Siahdohoni, Darjush ; Gurevych, Iryna ; Prechel, Doris (2017):
Semantische Suche in Ausgestorbenen Sprachen: Eine Fallstudie für das Hethitische.
In: DHd 2017 - Digitale Nachhaltigkeit: Konferenzabstracts, Bern, Switzerland, S. 196-200, [Online-Edition: http://www.dhd2017.ch/wp-content/uploads/2017/03/Abstractban...],

Arazy, Ofer ; Daxenberger, Johannes ; Lifshitz-Assaf, Hila ; Nov, Oded ; Gurevych, Iryna (2016):
Turbulent Stability of Emergent Roles: The Dualistic Nature of Self-Organizing Knowledge Co-Production.
In: Information Systems Research, 27 (4), S. 792-812, [Online-Edition: https://pubsonline.informs.org/doi/abs/10.1287/isre.2016.064...],

Eckart de Castilho, Richard (2016):
Automatic Analysis of Flaws in Pre-Trained NLP Models.
In: Proceedings of the Third International Workshop on Worldwide Language Service Infrastructure and Second Workshop on Open Infrastructures and Analysis Frameworks for Human Language Technologies (WLSI3nOIAF2) at COLING 2016, Osaka, Japan, S. 19-27, ISBN 978-4-87974-720-4,
[Online-Edition: http://www.aclweb.org/anthology/W16-5203],

Csanadi, Andras ; Daxenberger, Johannes ; Ghanem, Christian ; Kollar, Ingo ; Fischer, Frank ; Gurevych, Iryna (2016):
Automated Text Classification to Capture Scientific Reasoning and Argumentation Processes in Different Professional Problem Solving Contexts.
In: Extended Abstract presented at the Twenty-sixth Annual Meeting of the Society for Text & Discourse, In: Twenty-sixth Annual Meeting of the Society for Text & Discourse, Kassel, Germany, [Online-Edition: https://download.hrz.tu-darmstadt.de/media/FB20/Dekanat/Publ...],

Arazy, Ofer ; Daxenberger, Johannes ; Lifshitz-Assaf, Hila ; Nov, Oded ; Gurevych, Iryna (2016):
Emergent Roles in Self-Organizing Knowledge Co-Production: Turbulence and Stability.
In: 2017 Collective Intelligence Conference, New York, NY, USA, [Online-Edition: https://download.hrz.tu-darmstadt.de/media/FB20/Dekanat/Publ...],

Lerner, Patrick ; Csanadi, Andras ; Daxenberger, Johannes ; Flekova, Lucie ; Ghanem, Christian ; Kollar, Ingo ; Fischer, Frank ; Gurevych, Iryna Looi, C. K. ; Polman, J. L. ; Cress, U. ; Reimann, P. (Hrsg.) (2016):
A User Interface for the Exploration of Manually and Automatically Coded Scientific Reasoning and Argumentation.
In: Proceedings of the International Conference of the Learning Sciences (ICLS) 2016, International Society of the Learning Sciences, Singapore, S. 938-941, [Online-Edition: https://repository.isls.org/bitstream/1/348/1/141.pdf],

Eckart de Castilho, Richard (2016):
Interoperability = f(community, division of labour).
In: Proceedings of the Workshop on Cross-Platform Text Mining and Natural Language Processing Interoperability collocated with LREC 2016, Portoroz, Slovenia, S. 24-28, DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.161848,
[Online-Edition: https://zenodo.org/record/161848],

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